As of April 7, 2008, all articles arising from NIH funding must be submitted to the digital archive PubMed Central upon acceptance for publication. The NIH Public Access Policy is designed to give the public access to the published results of NIH funded research to ensure that these articles are accessible to “help advance science and improve human health”
As of May 25, 2008, NIH applications, proposals, and progress reports must include the PubMed Central reference number when citing an article that falls under the policy and is authored or co-authored by the investigator, or arose from the investigator’s NIH award.
These journals submit articles directly to PubMed Central on behalf of their authors. If you publish in one of these journals, you do not need to do anything further. If your article is published in another journal, you must make sure that any copyright transfer or other publication agreement allows the article to be submitted to NIH in accordance with the policy.
Additional information is available at the NIH Public Access web site.
The NIH Public Access Policy implements Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008) which states:
SEC. 218. The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.